Thursday, 14 April 2016

Reasons: Why Mendel Chose Pea Plant (Pisum Stavium) For His Breeding Experiments

13:32 - 19 comments

MENDEL, Gregor Johann Mendel (1822 — 1884) laid the foundation of classical genetics by formulating two laws of heredity;
  • Law of Segregation 
  • Law of Independent Assortment 
By profession, he was a priest but he's fond of gardening. He performed series of breeding experiments on garden pea, Pisum sativum in monastery garden for eleven years (1854 — 1865). Now the question arises, Why Mendel chose only the Pea Plant? There are lots of other plants and other species which can be chosen for performing experiments. But Mendel only chose Pea Plant (Pisum sativum). Following are the reasons:

Reasons For Selection Of Pea Plant:

Mendel can choose some other plant for experiments but he selected pea plant due to following reasons:
Easy to Cultivate: Pea plant (Pisum sativum) was easy to cultivate. It grew well in his garden.  
Hermaphrodite: Its flowers were hermaphrodite I.e. pea plant have both male and female sexual organs. 
Cross-fertilization (Cross-Pollination) Easily Controlled: It was normally self-fertilizing (self-pollinating) that is the fertilization of plants and some invertebrate animals by their own pollen or sperm rather than that of another individual, but could also be cross fertilized (cross-pollinated) that is the transfer of pollen grains from an anther of a flower of one plant to a stigma of a flower of another plant of the same species 
Short Generation Time: As the time gap between generations was short, Mendel could raise many generations of pea within a short time. This is one of the main reason for choosing Pea plant (Pisum sativum).  
Many Distinct Traits: Pea had many sharply distinct. its each trait had two clear cut alternative forms or varieties: e.g. seed shape had a round or wrinkled phenotype, plant height was either tall or short, seed color could be yellow or green etc. Mendel called them pair of contrasting traits. He focused on seven such contrasting pair of traits.

  • Share this post:

Author of This Article,

Muhammad Tayyab.

He is a 18 year old entreprenuer who writes on various topics like SEO, Blogging, Biology and a lot more. Apart from blogging he is also pursuing his career in Medical and Engineering Field. Do Follow him to get in touch.

Follow Him on ↓

Twitter | |

Related Posts


  1. Very easy to understand this this answer. thanks

  2. Medical students should know that kind of information. The article is written in a very lucid style and very easy to understand. If you need help in your written work then check it http://www.graduateschoolpersonalstatement.net/our-services/graduate-school-statement-of-purpose-writing-service/. You'll feel proud for our work

  3. It is a part of their research process this is the reason they chose it. Students must visit the website that can help students in writing perfectly with medical terms.

  4. These experiments are really worthy for students who are doing their subject research. You just have shared http://www.sopwriter.com/how-to-format-statement-of-purpose-letter-like-a-pro/ excellent way of information.

  5. Excellent content. I found the useful link. Bio students should know it very deeply. If they are doing botany.

  6. Presently, a lady can work in the workplaces, clinics, airplane terminals and in eateries like men. These occupations ended up conceivable on the grounds that ladies get more Information substantiated themselves in instructive field. Presently, they are doing tasks like men and gaining cash well which was preposterous without their enthusiasm for training.


back to top
Real Time Analytics